Panorama: The new killing fields
BBC One, Sunday, 14 November 2004 at 22:15 GMT
Panorama asks whether the first genocide of the 21st century is occurring in Darfur.
Travelling behind the rebel lines to areas where no television team has previously reached, the programme uncovers evidence of systematic killings on a horrifying scale.
Hilary Andersson - who for much of this year has been reporting from Darfur - goes on the trail of the killers to find out who the Janjaweed are.
She also investigates where their orders are coming from and confronts the tribal head who is number on the US State Department's list of suspected Janjaweed leaders.
Reporter: Hilary Andersson
Producer: Darren Kemp
Editor: Mike Robinson
Deputy Editors: Andrew Bell, Frank Simmonds
'They raped me, one after the other'
Panorama travelled across the Darfur region and heard stories of atrocities being committed by Arab militia soldiers against black Africans.
One of the worst cases came when the team reached the mountains of Jebil Mara, where some areas here have been cut off from the outside world for years.
It is in places like this that the killings have yet to be documented.
When the Panorama team arrived at one village - hundreds of women had gathered. Everyone wanted to talk about the ordeals they had been through.
Dozens of women from the African Fur tribe told of seeing their children being killed in attacks by the Janjaweed.
He (Janjaweed attacker) grabbed my son from me and threw him into a fire --Kalima
One said: "(I've lost) two girls and one boy, in the school." Another added: "(I lost) a boy, in the house."
Everywhere that Panorama went, there was a similar story.
In the village of Kidinyir, the women went into more detail about the abuses that they allege were carried out by the Arab tribesmen known as Janjaweed.
One woman called Hawa told the programme: "Five of them surrounded me I couldn't move I was paralysed. They raped me, one after the other."
Another woman, called Kalima, spoke of the brutality used in the attacks.
She said: "My son was clinging to my dress. An Arab looking man, in a uniform with military insignia, stopped his car next to me. He grabbed my son from me and threw him into a fire."
A third villager Hikma, claimed the Janjaweed hurled racist insults as they carried out their attacks.
She said: "They were saying 'the blacks are slaves, the blacks are stupid catch them alive, catch them alive, take them away with you, tie them up'.
"They were terrorising our civilians. They would say 'kill them'".
When Panorama travelled to the crowded refugee camps the story was also one of extreme suffering.
At Mornei in Chad, a woman called Juma told the BBC that she had walked for miles with her 10-month-old daughter Nadia to reach the camp.
She said: "The Arabs attacked our village in the early morning. They opened fire. Women and children escaped here. They burnt the village. Everything was burnt. They killed young children. My brother was shot whilst he was trying to escape."
Both Juma and Nadia were painfully thin when they were interviewed in June, their food rations had run out 20 days previously.
The situation was made worse in the camps because Sudan's government had blocked much foreign aid with bureaucracy.
And when cameramen returned to the camp in July - Nadia had died.
They started beating us. We tried to resist and defend ourselves but we failed because they threatened us with knives --Khatra
In another camp in Kebkabiya, the refugees who had fled there still felt in serious danger.
One woman called Khatra told the programme the camp was like "a prison" as the women were frightened to step over the boundaries and into Janjaweed controlled territory.
However, she felt she had no choice but to leave the camp to collect much needed firewood.
Khatra said her worst fears were realised just four days before the Panorama team arrived in the camp, when she was attacked and raped by the Janjaweed.
She told the programme: "We went to get the firewood at eight o'clock in the morning. Suddenly we were confronted by the attackers.
"They started asking us: 'Where are you going, fur women?', and calling us donkeys. 'Where are the rebels?'
"They started beating us. We tried to resist and defend ourselves but we failed because they threatened us with knives. Four of them raped me."
Panorama: The new killing fields will be broadcast at 2215 GMT on Sunday, November 14 on BBC One
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'They raped me, one after the other' 12 Nov 04 Panorama
Sudan: charities and information 12 Nov 04 Panorama
Janjaweed 'leader' denies genocide 14 Nov 04 Panorama